Memory limit test with PHP in a container

Go to Project 8 from the git repository root:

cd projects/p08


This example shows the memory testing in a PHP container, where the “truncate” command generates a file with a defined size and the PHP reads it into the memory. We use an environment variable to set the memory size.

Start the test

The container will have 50MB memory limit. (It must be at least 6MB in Docker Compose 1.27.4). The examples below will test the memory usage from 10MB to 50MB increased by 10MB for each test.

MEMSIZE=10MiB docker-compose run --rm php
MEMSIZE=20MiB docker-compose run --rm php
MEMSIZE=30MiB docker-compose run --rm php
MEMSIZE=40MiB docker-compose run --rm php
MEMSIZE=50MiB docker-compose run --rm php


bash: line 5:     9 Killed                  php -r '
   echo (memory_get_peak_usage(true)/1024/1024)." MiB\n";

“Killed” means we exceeded the memory limit. There is no error until 50MB. Since there is some additional memory usage in the container, it kills the process at 50MiB even though 50 is still allowed.

Explanation of the parameters

The “docker-compose run” is similar to “docker run”, but it runs a service from the compose file. “–rm” means the same as it meant for “docker run”. Deletes the container right after it stopped.

Clean the project:

docker-compose down

The containers were deleted automatically, but it can still delete the network.